DFB Laser vs. DBR Laser: 4 Major Differences

The late 1990s to early 2000s telecom revolution prompted laser manufacturers to innovate and design more varieties of lasers to meet the growing demand in telecom applications. One of the best ways to meet the needs of low-signal lasers is to use distributed feedback lasers.

These lasers have not only contributed to addressing the needs of the telecommunications industry but have also caused the disappearance of DBR lasers (Distributed Bragg Reflectors) from the market.

In this post, we’ll look at the differences between DFB lasers and DBR lasers. But before that, we will take a quick look at what DFB laser is and what DBR laser is.

DFB Laser vs DBR Laser

What Is DFB Laser?

A DFB laser is a type of diode laser that generates resonance and oscillation in the cavity using diffraction gratings rather than mirrors. A distributed feedback (DFB) laser’s purpose is to sharpen the output of conventional Fabry-Perot lasers.

The substitution of mirrors with grating offers distributed feedback lases a range of advanced characteristics, such as periodic, spatially modulated gain, high efficiency, low threshold current, and single wavelength.

Let’s take a closer look at what a DBR laser is.

What Is DBR Laser?

DBR lasers are among the earliest, if not the first, single-frequency lasers ever built. These are tunable single mode diode lasers with a resonator made of a short piece of active fiber sandwiched between two Fiber Bragg Gratings.

In comparison to the DFB lasers, the DBR laser generates a single frequency, phase coherent photons at a specific wavelength. Therefore, the gratings in DBR lasers act as mirrors with variable reflectivity at different wavelengths.

We will now look at the significant differences between DFB and DBR lasers in the following section.

DFB Laser Vs. DBR Laser– The Key Differences

Some of the key differences between the Distributed Feedback Laser and the Distributed Bragg Reflector are listed below. Let’s take a glance at each one to get a better understanding of them.

A. DFB Laser vs. DBR Laser– The Architecture

As one may expect, the key difference between these two lasers lies in their construction or the location of the grating zone. On the one hand, where DBR laser uses a high index contrast and high reflectivity surface grating, DFB lasers use low index contrast and low reflectivity grating.

B. DFB Laser vs. DBR Laser– Defect Levels

In the case of DFB lasers, the EPI surface is subjected to air oxidation, and contamination occurs during ridge and grating processing, resulting in more unsatisfactory performance. In contrast, DBR lasers have lower defect levels than distributed feedback lasers, resulting in higher powers and improved stability.

C. DFB Laser vs. DBR Laser– Mode Selection

The third significant distinction between the DFB and the DBR laser is that the DBR only works at a single longitudinal mode with the highest gain and gain bandwidth of the EPI. In comparison to DFB lasers, it operates in many lasing modes that vary monotonically as the epi gain curve moves.

D. DFB Laser vs. DBR Laser– Number of Modes

The DFB laser has two modes that are evenly separated from the grating’s Bragg wavelength. In contrast, the DBR laser operates in a single mode with no symmetry, allowing it to function in a single mode.

So those are the four primary distinctions between DFB and DBR laser. As we have seen, both of these lasers have many variations as well as similarities, which cause the two architectures to exhibit various behaviors that influence how they will function in specific applications.

Inphenix is a US-based laser diode and light source manufacturer specializing in manufacturing photonics devices such as Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers (SOA), Superluminescent Diodes (SLDs), Gain ChipLidar Lasers, and many others. The firm also builds customized laser devices based on the client’s needs.

Also See: Difference Between FP Laser and DFB Laser